It was not immediately clear why the USNS Rappahannock attacked a small motor boat near the Dubai port of Jebel Ali on Monday.
The US consular officials in Abu Dhabi have confirmed the incident but refused to provide further details.
Local officials say the boat appears to have been a civilian vessel of the type used by fishermen and that it could have been mistaken as a threat
It is not clear where the crew of the boat come from.
The US Navy’s 5th Fleet, based in Bahrain, says it is investigating the shooting incident.
Washington has recently built up its military presence in the Persian Gulf by sending an unspecified number of F-22 stealth fighters and warships to the region.